Light, Medium, Dark, and Espresso Roast Coffee
Finding the proper coffee roast can be a complicated decision. From whole bean or ground, light or dark roast to preferred brewing method are primary factors for the perfect cup. Understanding each roast profile will help determine how your coffee tastes and what flavor notes brew through.
Nobletree Specialty Coffees have rich, distinct characteristics based on roast levels. Originating from our privately-owned Santa Izabel or Monte Verde Farms in Brazil, our taste and quality begins with the soil and ends with our small-batch artisanal hand roasting and grinding process. Nobletree delivers fresh, complex coffees with every order.
What is the difference between light roast, medium roast, and dark roast coffee?
The key difference between light, medium, dark, and espresso roast coffee is the amount of heat the beans are exposed to on the roaster. Light and medium roast coffees are brought to a temperature of 350-430 degrees Fahrenheit, while dark roast coffees reach temperatures of 430-450 degrees Fahrenheit. Other roasting methods such as Espresso, French, Italian, and Viennese are often heated to temperatures higher than that of a standard dark roast and have different qualities suited for other brew methods.
Exposing beans to different temperatures for varying amounts of time will produce unique flavor profiles with different degrees of acidity and boldness, ensuring that you will be able to find a coffee to love and look forward to each day.
Light Roast Coffee
A light roast coffee highlights the unique characteristics of a coffee’s single-origin. Since our roasts are exposed to the heat of a roaster for less time than a medium or dark roast, you’ll taste more of the qualities that the beans inherit from the Nobletree owned farms.
The most popular Nobletree roast is the Dromedaire Cuvée Light-Medium roast. The Dromedaire is a bold yet approachable coffee from Fazenda Monte Verde in the Carmo de Minas region of Brazil. This exclusive roast boasts notes of chocolate, hazelnut, and pear. The beans used in this blend are traceable, and grow in different plots at high elevations and are left to sun-dry, creating a very sweet uniform cup.
We also offer a Brazil Farm Premium Gourmet single-origin light-medium roast harvested from a single plot at our Nobletree owned Monte Verde Farm. This premium light roast is processed separately from the rest of coffees, and has a rich flavor of cherry, chocolate, and lime notes, making an elevated roast to start your day.
Medium Roast Coffee
Medium roast specialty coffee has a balanced body and a well-rounded flavor profile. The individual characteristics of the beans are more muted in a medium roast, and the result will be a sweeter, more rich cup.
Both the Tesouro and Gato Preto medium roasts are made from 100% Arabica Beans harvested from Brazil and Columbia and are roasted right here in Red Hook, New York. The Tesouro is a rich, full-bodied blend with hints of dried fruit, melon, and nut, while the Gato Preto blend offers tasting notes of black tea, malt, and plum.
Dark Roast and Espresso Coffee
Dark roast specialty coffees will often have the darkest, most oily surface. Dark roast coffees offer a robust, full body with fewer individual origin flavors experienced in light or medium roasts.
Our Nobletree Defiance dark roast is a blend of single-source 100% Arabica Beans from our privately-owned Fazenda Santa Izabel Farm. This blend will present molasses, hazelnut, and caramel notes that will leave you longing for your next sip.
Espresso roasts are also sometimes considered dark roasts; espresso is roasted at a temperature of 464 degrees Fahrenheit and is carefully crafted to suit the espresso-making process. The Nobletree single source Reverence espresso is made from 100% Arabica Beans and is an espresso roast with dark chocolate, marzipan, and truffle notes. This best seller is also low in acidity.
Which has more caffeine, light or dark roasted coffee?
Does light roast coffee (like our Dromedaire Cuvée) contain more caffeine, or does our Defiance dark roast coffee contain more caffeine? When based on weight, dark roast coffee is proven to have a higher caffeine content than light roast coffee, but when measured by volume, such as a scoop, light roast coffee will pack more caffeine. However, we should consider that many factors can influence the caffeine content of a cup of coffee apart from the roast profile. The type of bean, Arabica or Robusta, is the primary determinant of caffeine content. Arabica beans have a caffeine content of 1.2%, while Robusta beans have caffeine of 2.2%. Some may think, “If Robusta beans have a higher caffeine content, why do specialty coffee producers like Nobletree use 100% arabica beans?” The reason is that the higher caffeine content in Robusta beans leads to a more bitter and less palatable taste leading to a less enjoyable cup of coffee.
When coffee beans are roasted, the mass of the beans will change, but every coffee bean will still have the same amount of caffeine. This change of mass also impacts the caffeine content when using weight to measure coffee. The longer the beans roast, the less dense they become, so if we weigh out the same amount of light and dark roast coffee, it will take more dark roast beans to make up the same weight as the light roast beans leading to higher caffeine content.
The type of grind, water temperature, and brew method can also influence the caffeine content of a given roast.
- Grind: Finer ground coffee will have a higher content than coarse grind because there is a greater total surface area.
- Water Temperature: Warmer water will also lead to more caffeine extraction from the coffee grounds.
- Brew method: Brewing methods that fully immerse coffee grinds leads to a higher caffeine extraction than pour-over techniques. A longer brew time will also lead to a higher caffeine content and a more bitter cup of coffee.
The bottom line is that it really depends on the type of varietal, the brew method, the grind, and the water temperature that impact the caffeine content in a cup of coffee. Whether it is a light roast coffee or dark roast coffee has little influence.
Our Nobletree Roasting Process
All of our light roast, medium roast, dark roast, and espresso roast coffees pass through our Red Hook, Brooklyn, New York roasting facility, where the focus is to deliver world-class coffee every day. We work tirelessly to provide a sustainable, farm-to-cup experience with every bean and every cup.
If you’re ready to experience the excellence and rich, bold flavors of Nobletree Specialty and Micro-lot Coffee, check out our newest selection today!